Hebrews 10:1-18 … The Depths of Atonement.

Hebrews 10:1 For the law (Torah) having a shadow* of good things to come, and not the very image (exact) of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers (people) thereunto perfect.

As we have seen in prior work here in Hebrews, each and every sentence, is packed with thousands of years of Hebrew culture and tradition. Lets look at Yom Kippur. Yōm Kippūr, [ˈyom kiˈpuʁ], lit. ’Day of Atonement’) is the holiest day in Judaism, and Samaritanism [the most widely known “Gentiles” to the common Israelite], in the time that Paul writes to the Hebrews. It occurs annually on the 10th of Tishrei. Primarily centered on atonement and repentance, the day’s observances consist of full fasting and ascetic behavior accompanied by intensive prayer as well as sin confessions (traditionally inside of a synagogue).

The word used here for ‘shadow’ is the word G4639 σκία skia (skiy’-a) n. darkness of error or an adumbration. This is quite a difference from the usual, and widely accepted definition, “likeness”. Adumbration means to suggest, disclose, or outline partially. This is what Torah does for us… it outlines and discloses.

  • Leviticus 16:2-9 “And the Lord said unto Moses, Speak unto Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all times into the holy place within the vail before the mercy seat, which is upon the ark; that he die not: for I will appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat. Thus shall Aaron come into the holy place: with a young bullock for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering. He shall put on the holy linen coat, and he shall have the linen breeches upon his flesh, and shall be girded with a linen girdle, and with the linen mitre shall he be attired: these are holy garments; therefore shall he wash his flesh in water, and so put them on. And he shall take of the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering. And Aaron shall offer his bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and make an atonement for himself, and for his house. And he shall take the two goats, and present them before the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the Lord, and the other lot for the scapegoat. And Aaron shall bring the goat upon which the Lord’s lot fell, and offer him for a sin offering.
  • Leviticus 16:17-18 “And there shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when he goeth in to make an atonement in the holy place, until he come out, and have made an atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel. And he shall go out unto the altar that is before the Lord, and make an atonement for it; and shall take of the blood of the bullock, and of the blood of the goat, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about.”
  • Leviticus 16:30-34 “For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your sins before the Lord. It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute forever. And the priest, whom he shall anoint, and whom he shall consecrate to minister in the priest’s office in his father’s stead, shall make the atonement, and shall put on the linen clothes, even the holy garments: And he shall make an atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make an atonement for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the altar, and he shall make an atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation. And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as the Lord commanded Moses.”

Over and over again Paul asserts that this form of sacrifice, and the statutes [Torah] surrounding them, were a school teacher or a pattern in which to discipline oneself in the faith of YHVH. This pattern was established as a temporary covenant until the “fullness” of the Gospel. What made the Everlasting Gospel full? When the Torah was opened by the actions of Yeshua Messiah!

Look again at the Scriptures and hold tightly the concepts we have discussed previously about the Marriage Covenant and the Law of the Divorced Woman.

  • Numbers 5:11-15 “And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man’s wife go aside, and commit a trespass against him, And a man lie with her carnally, and it be hid from the eyes of her husband, and be kept close, and she be defiled, and there be no witness against her, neither she be taken with the manner; And the spirit of jealousy come upon him, and he be jealous of his wife, and she be defiled: or if the spirit of jealousy come upon him, and he be jealous of his wife, and she be not defiled: Then shall the man bring his wife unto the priest, and he shall bring her offering for her, the tenth part of an ephah of barley meal; he shall pour no oil upon it, nor put frankincense thereon; for it is an offering of jealousy, an offering of memorial, bringing iniquity to remembrance.”

This is what got the two Houses of Israel divorced in the book of Jeremiah. Remember Exodus 20 where YHVH tells the people that He “is a jealous God” and that the people should not go whoring around with the pagan gods. So what is Yom Kippur? A remembrance of the infidelity of mankind in their relationship with YHVH. It is only through the death of the Groom that the remembrance of that infidelity can come to an end.

  • Isaiah 46:10 “Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure:”

There is more evidence of this all throughout Scripture. Take Daniel’s prophecy for example.

  • Daniel 9:27 “And He shall confirm THE Covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.”

So what we are witnessing in the death of Yeshua is a convergence of all the covenants at once while existing in perfect compliance to the Torah commands. Watch as Paul brings this into focus with the Jealous Husband and the Atonement.

Hebrews 10:2 For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.

Hebrews 10:3 But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year.

It was a never ending merry-go-round of sin, sacrifice, trying to better, failing, sin, sacrifice…. sound familiar? I spent many years in the Catholic fake… I mean faith…. and that was the exact plan for mankind. Sin, sacrament, sackcloth and repeat. Nothing close to a relationship. It was more of a tally sheet.

Hebrews 10:4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.

These recent verse are loved by the dispensational crowd and they cry out “see its all changed, no more Torah”. But the Scriptures clearly state that God was growing weary of the “treadmill traditions” and the “merry-go-round madness” of sin, wash and repeat. What God is seeking…. a people that want the relationship and not the tradition. God warns them, and us, through the prophet Isaiah…

  • Isaiah 1:10-14 “Hear the word of the Lord, ye rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah. To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the Lord: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats. When ye come to appear before me, who hath required this at your hand, to tread my courts? Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting. Your new moons and your appointed feasts (fraudulent worship) my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear them.”

Hebrews 10:5 Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me:

This is also a refence to Psalms 22 & 40… let’s look at Psalm 22…. https://wordpress.com/post/bereanbreadcrumbs.com/5368

Hebrews 10:6 In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure.

Hebrews 10:7 Then said I, Lo, I come in the volume of the book it is written of me, to do thy will, O God.

And now… Psalms 40

  • Psalm 40:1- 8 “I waited patiently for the Lord; and he inclined unto me, and heard my cry. He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings. And he hath put a new song in my mouth, even praise unto our God: many shall see it, and fear, and shall trust in the Lord. Blessed is that man that maketh the Lord his trust, and respecteth not the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies. Many, O Lord my God, are thy wonderful works which thou hast done, and thy thoughts which are to us-ward: they cannot be reckoned up in order unto thee: if I would declare and speak of them, they are more than can be numbered. Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire; mine ears hast thou opened: burnt offering and sin offering hast thou not required. Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is written of me, I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart.

Hebrews 10:8 Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law;

Hebrews 10:9 Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first (marriage), that he may establish (to stand/make firm) the second. (marriage)

  • Leviticus 19:20 “And whosoever lieth carnally with a woman, that is a bondmaid, betrothed to an husband, and not at all redeemed, nor freedom given her; she shall be scourged; they shall not be put to death, because she was not free.”

I often wonder if the people claiming the freedoms of “Christianity” realize their bond of marriage to the Creator? This marriage theme, as we have seen here in Hebrews, is replete among the Scriptures and it requires our fidelity. The freedom associated to Yeshua is not a license to act in any manner we want, it is, freedom from the death associated with our relationship to the world.

Hebrews 10:10 By the which will (his purpose Isaiah 46.10) we are sanctified (made holy) through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. (permanently and thoroughly)

Watch as John delivers this same message to us…

  • John 1:11-14 “He came unto his own, and his own received him not. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.”
  • John 6:35-40 “And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst. But I said unto you, That ye also have seen me, and believe not. All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out. For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me. And this is the Father’s will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.”

Hebrews 10:11 And every priest standeth daily ministering (offering public rituals) and offering oftentimes (frequently) the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:

Here again, this is not a dispensational line in the sand; this is the promises of YHVH, in Scriptures, through the Prophets, coming to completion.

Hebrews 10:12 But this man (Yeshua), after he had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down on the right hand of God;

Hebrews 10:13 From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool. (Psalms 110)

Hebrews 10:14 For by one offering he hath perfected forever them that are sanctified.

  • Isaiah 54:17 “No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of the Lord, and their righteousness is of me, saith the Lord.

Hebrews 10:15 Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before,

Hebrews 10:16 This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days*, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;

*After WHICH days? The days in which they took their relationship for granted? The days in which they went whoring after other gods they did not know? After the days of their divorce? Or after the days where God himself reclaimed through resurrection the relationship to a new bride?

  • Jeremiah 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.

Hebrews 10:17 And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more.

Hebrews 10:18 Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin.

Hosea 6:1-6 “Come, and let us return unto the Lord: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight. Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the Lord: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth. O Ephraim, what shall I do unto thee? O Judah, what shall I do unto thee? for your goodness is as a morning cloud, and as the early dew it goeth away. Therefore have I hewed them by the prophets; I have slain them by the words of my mouth: and thy judgments are as the light that goeth forth. For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.”

One thought on “Hebrews 10:1-18 … The Depths of Atonement.

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  1. thanks jon. My continued learning and understanding that points to our God. We need Him every day. Our confidence of what we will receive in His promise .

    Liked by 1 person

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