John 3:14-15

John 3:14 And G2532 as G2531 Moses G3475 lifted up G5312 the serpent G3789 in G1722 the wilderness G2048, even so G3779 must G1163 the Son G5207 of man G444 be lifted up G5312:

  • G2532 καί kai (kai’) conj. and. (continuation of thought)
  • G2531 καθώς kathos (ka-thōs’) adv. just as
  • G3475 Μωσῆς Moses (mō-sees’) n/p. the Hebrew lawgiver.
  • G5312 ὑψόω hupsoo (hï-pso’-ō) v. to elevate.
  • G3789 ὄφις ophis (o’-fis) n. a snake**

**Numbers 21:8-9 “And the Lord said unto Moses, Make thee a fiery serpent [H8314], and set it upon a pole: and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it, shall live. And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived.”

H8314 שָׂרָף saraph (saw-rawf’) n-m. a saraph or symbolical creature.

  • G2048 ἔρημος eremos (e’-ree-mos) adj. desolate, waste, desert
  • G3779 οὕτω houto (hou’-tō) adv. In this way
  • G1163 δεῖ dei (d̮ei’) v. it is (was, etc.) necessary (as binding).
  • G5207 υἱός huios (hwiy-yos’) n. son, descendant (second Adam)
  • G5312 ὑψόω hupsoo (hï-pso’-ō) v. to elevate.


(Continuing His thought) “Just as Moses elevated the symbol of healer on a pole in the desert, in this same way it is necessary to put the second Adam on a pole.”


John 3:15 That G3363 whosoever G3956 believeth G4100 in G1519 him G846 should G622 not G3363 perish G622, but G235 have G2192 eternal G166 life G2222.

  • G3363 ἵνα μή hina me (hiy’-na -mee’) prep. In order that (implied future tense negative)
  • G3956 πᾶς pas (pas’) adj. all, any, every, the whole
  • G4100 πιστεύω pisteuo (piy-stev’-ō) v. to entrust, to be convinced
  • G1519 εἰς eis (eis) prep. to or into a purpose
  • G622 ἀπόλλυμι apollumi (a-pol’-lï-miy) v. to destroy fully.
  • G235 ἀλλά alla (al-la’) conj. Contrariwise, therefore
  • G166 αἰώνιος aionios (ai-ō’-niy-os) adj. perpetual, everlasting
  • G2222 ζωή zoe (zō-ee’) n. life-above. (above or elevated in relation to the mere physical condition. There may be strong connotations and direct inferences to Spiritual, Kingdom, or Eternal life in certain contexts, but not always. This word deserves special demarcation and attention).

“In order that everyone who has entrusted into this purpose for Him should not be fully destroyed and therefore have existence everlasting.”


The innocent blood of the animal sacrifice was an external symbol for the person making an offering of contrition. This becomes a rote action for many. The Pharisees use their position to laud over, and profit from, the people making these sacrifices.

  • John 2:14-16 “And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting: And when he had made a scourge of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers’ money, and overthrew the tables. And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father’s house an house of merchandise.”

God had long ago warned of this apostasy and declared their actions as unfit. God was not looking for the meaningless action of sacrifice, He was looking for the change of heart in the person.

  • Isaiah 1:11 “To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the Lord: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.”
  • Isaiah 57:15 “For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.”

Contrite ~ feeling or expressing remorse or penitence; affected by guilt. Synonyms: remorseful, repentant, penitent, regretful, sorry, apologetic, rueful, sheepish, hangdog, ashamed, chastened, shamefaced, conscience-stricken, guilt-ridden.


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