Developing the Anti-Christ
An or Anu belongs to the oldest generation of Mesopotamian gods and was originally the supreme deity of the Babylonian pantheon. It is said he was made of the reddish luludānitu stone in the first millennium creation epic Enūma eliš (Tablet I, 11-14). An/Anu frequently received the epithet “father of the gods” and many deities are described as his children in one context or another.
Inscriptions from third-millennium Lagaš state An was the father of Gatumdug, Baba and Ningirsu. Later texts name Adad, Enki/Ea, Enlil, Girra, Nanna/Sin, Nergal and Šara as his sons, as well, and goddesses named as his daughters include Inana/Ištar, Nanaya, Nidaba, Ninisinna, Ninkarrak, Ninmug, Ninnibru, Ninsumun, Nungal and Nusku. An/Anu was also the head of the Annunaki, and created the demons Lamašhtu, Asag and the Sebettu. Evidentially, Anu can be associated with Satan, or in the Akkadian language “Sêmîazâz”.
The Old Babylonian composition ‘Gilgameš, Enkidu and the Netherworld’ (ETCSL 22.214.171.124) refers to the primeval division of the universe in which An received the heavens (lines 11-12); and, ruled from there in the flood poem Atrahasis. Inana/Ištar (female goddess) set upon killing Gilgameš and forcefully persuaded her father to hand over the bull of heaven in the Old Babylonian poem ‘Gilgameš and the Bull of Heaven’ (ETCSL 126.96.36.199), as well as in the first-millennium Epic of Gilgameš (Tablet VI, lines 92ff).
Temples and shrines to An/Anu existed in various cities throughout Mesopotamia: a garden and shrine for him at Ur and temples Babylon, Nippur, Sippar, Uruk and Kish.
Genesis 10:8-12 “And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel (to confuse or mix), and Erech (to lengthen, prolong or live with), and Accad (to subtly strengthen), and Calneh (fortress of Anu), in the land of Shinar. Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh (abode of Ninus, fish goddess), and the city Rehoboth (avenue or path), and Calah (completion and strength), And Resen (bridle control) between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city.”
In Genesis 10:8-12 we learn that “Nimrod” established a kingdom. Therefore, one would expect to find in the literature of the ancient Near East a person of the same description. And there was! It is a well-known tale, common in Sumerian and Babylonian literature, also recounted by the Assyrians and the Hittites. Even in Palestine, tablets have been found with this man’s name on them. He was obviously the most popular hero in the Ancient Near East. (Dr. David Livingston).
Livingston proclaims: “There are still other parallels between the Bible and the Gilgamesh epic: “YaHVeH” sounds similar to “Huwawa.” The Epic of Gilgamesh reveals that he did just as the “sons of god” in Genesis 6, forcibly taking human women to be their wives. The Bible calls Nimrod a tyrant, and Gilgamesh was a tyrant. There was a Flood in the Bible, there is a flood in the Epic. Cush is mentioned in the Bible, Kish in the Epic. Erech is mentioned in Scripture, Uruk was Gilgamesh’s city.” The similarities between Nimrod and Gilgamesh are too numerous to deny. Gilgamesh/Nimrod is known by the Akkadians as Enmerkar. David Rohl listed parallels between Enmerkar, builder of Uruk, and Nimrod, ruler of biblical Erech (Uruk) and architect of the Tower of Babel in extra-biblical legends. Rohl also noted the description “Nimrod the Hunter”, and the -kar in Enmerkar meaning “hunter”. Rohl further suggested that Eridu near Ur is the original site of Babel, and that the incomplete ziggurat found there – by far the oldest and largest of its kind – is none other than the remnants of the Biblical tower.
Nimrod’s goal can be seen in the names of the cities: to Bridle or control mankind completely with his path to the home and fortress of Anu by subtly strengthening a prolonged mixing or confusion of religion. The origination of an organized polytheistic religion in his kingdom which spanned millennia and distance is proof of Nimrod’s success. Having the leader (Satan) securely identified in the god Anu, we only have to look for the false prophet and false spirit. Gilgamesh fills this role of false prophet and ringleader of earthly recruiting. The false spirit occupies the feminine role and was known by a plethora of names as well.
Lamashtu is depicted as a mythological hybrid, with a hairy body, a lioness’ head with donkey’s teeth and ears, long fingers and fingernails, and the feet of a bird with sharp talons. She is often shown standing or kneeling on a donkey, nursing a pig and a dog (jackal), and holding snakes. She bore seven names and was described as seven witches in incantations. Her evil deeds included (but were not limited to): slaying children, unborns, and neonates; causing harm to mothers and expectant mothers; eating men and drinking their blood; disturbing sleep; bringing nightmares; killing foliage; infesting rivers and lakes; and being a bringer of disease, sickness, and death. She bears functions and resemblance to the Mesopotamian demon Lilith.
The Masoretic text of Isaiah 34:14 “And shall-meet desert creatures with jackals the goat he-calls his- fellow lilit (lilith) she-rests and she-finds rest.” The translation is: “And demons shall meet with monsters, and one hairy one shall cry out to another; there the lilith has lain down and found rest for herself…”.
Inana (Sumerian) or Ištar of Nineveh (Akkadian) is among the most important deities and the most important goddess in the Mesopotamian pantheon. She is primarily known as the goddess of sexual love but is equally prominent as the goddess of warfare. Inana/Ištar was represented by the planet Venus, the morning and the evening star. Inana/Ištar remains in the upper crust of the Mesopotamian pantheon through the third, second and the first millennia, B.C.. She is especially significant as a national Assyrian deity, particularly in the first millennium.
‘Queen of Heaven’ was a title given to a number of ancient sky goddesses worshipped throughout the ancient Mediterranean and Near East, beginning with Nimrod’s kingdom. Goddesses known to have been referred to by the title include Inanna, Anat, Isis, Astarte, Hera, and, most likely, Asherah (Jeremiah 44). Worship of a “Queen of Heaven” (Hebrew מלכת השמים, Malkath haShamayim) is recorded in several places in the Book of Jeremiah, in the context of the Prophet condemning such religious worship as blasphemy and a violation of the teachings of the God of Israel.
Inanna’s name is commonly derived from Nin-anna which literally means “Queen of Heaven” in ancient Sumerian, it comes from the words NIN meaning “lady” and AN meaning “sky”. The goddess, Astarte, of Northwestern Semitic regions, was almost identical in name, origin and functions of the goddess Ishtar of Mesopotamian texts. Other transliterations of this goddess is Ashtart and the Hebrew עשתרת Ashtoreth. Astarte was accepted by the Greeks under the name of Aphrodite. (Mark Stratton John Matthew Smith is an American biblical scholar and ancient historian who currently serves as Helena Professor of Old Testament Language and Exegesis at Princeton Theological Seminary and previously held the Skirball Chair of Bible and Ancient Near Eastern Studies in the Department of Hebrew and Judaic Studies at New York University.)
Evidence of the direct connection between the unholy trinity represented by the sun, moon and ‘planets’ in polytheism abounds. This began with the hundreds of fallen angelic beings which collectively controlled mankind, and collected gifts and gold until the people had no more. Their offspring required excessive amounts of food. Doug Hamp, graduate of Jerusalem University and Biblical researcher, provides modern perspective, claiming they could “consume the equivalence of over 30 pizzas or 150 cheeseburgers per day!”
Mesopotamian religion and culture were highly sexualized, more so in Babylonia than Assyria, where free sexual expression was viewed as one of the natural benefits of civilized life—same gender attraction, transgender individuals, and male and female prostitution were tolerated, and in some cases considered sacred. The worship of Inanna/Ishtar, which was prevalent in Mesopotamia could involve wild, frenzied dancing and bloody ritual celebrations of social and physical dysfunction. It was believed that “nothing is prohibited to Inanna”, and that by enacting transgressions of normal human social and physical limitations, including traditional gender definition, one could cross over from the “conscious everyday world into the trance world of spiritual ecstasy.”
- Kathryn Stevens, ‘An/Anu (god)’, Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses, Oracc and the UK Higher Education Academy, 2013
- Legends: The Genesis of Civilization (1998) and The Lost Testament (2002) by David Rohl.