1 That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life;
2 (For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;)
3 That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship* with us: and truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.
*G2842 κοινωνία koinonia (koi-nō-niy’-a) n. 1. partnership. 2. (literally) participation.
4 And these things write we unto you, that your joy may be full*.
*G4137 πληρόω pleroo (plee-ro’-ō) v. to fully supply, completely fill, (literally) to cram (a net)
5 This then is the message* which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light**, and in him is no darkness*** at all.
*G1860 ἐπαγγελία epaggelia (ep-an-ğe-liy’-a) n. promise.
** This word does not mean an object that emits light like the sun, moon or the stars, not even like a lamp. Rather it means to make luminous or better yet it is “kindled glorious”. When the Bible says God is light it says Elohim is “owr”. This word is closely associated with life and joy and goodness.
Psalm 119:105 “Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.”
Psalm 119:130 “The entrance of thy words giveth light; it giveth understanding unto the simple.”
***The Hebrew word for “darkness” is “choshek”. In the Hebrew culture this word was more than the opposite of “owr” (the opposite of illumination). Choshek carries in it the sense of blindness, of misery, of falsehood and ignorance. It means something that leads to death and destruction. It is not a word that describes the natural, and good, phenomenon of nighttime.
Deuteronomy 11:13-28 “And it shall come to pass, if ye shall hearken diligently unto my commandments which I command you this day, to love the Lord your God, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul, That I will give you the rain of your land in his due season, the first rain and the latter rain, that thou mayest gather in thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil. And I will send grass in thy fields for thy cattle, that thou mayest eat and be full. Take heed to yourselves, that your heart be not deceived, and ye turn aside, and serve other gods, and worship them; And then the Lord’s wrath be kindled against you, and he shut up the heaven, that there be no rain, and that the land yield not her fruit; and lest ye perish quickly from off the good land which the Lord giveth you. Therefore shall ye lay up these my words in your heart and in your soul, and bind them for a sign upon your hand, that they may be as frontlets between your eyes. And ye shall teach them your children, speaking of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, when thou liest down, and when thou risest up. And thou shalt write them upon the door posts of thine house, and upon thy gates: That your days may be multiplied, and the days of your children, in the land which the Lord sware unto your fathers to give them, as the days of heaven upon the earth. For if ye shall diligently keep all these commandments which I command you, to do them, to love the Lord your God, to walk in all his ways, and to cleave unto him; Then will the Lord drive out all these nations from before you, and ye shall possess greater nations and mightier than yourselves. Every place whereon the soles of your feet shall tread shall be yours: from the wilderness and Lebanon, from the river, the river Euphrates, even unto the uttermost sea shall your coast be. There shall no man be able to stand before you: for the Lord your God shall lay the fear of you and the dread of you upon all the land that ye shall tread upon, as he hath said unto you. Behold, I set before you this day a blessing and a curse; A blessing, if ye obey the commandments of the Lord your God, which I command you this day: And a curse, if ye will not obey the commandments of the Lord your God, but turn aside out of the way which I command you this day, to go after other gods, which ye have not known.) (It is plain to see that the Word of God, both the written and the physical, were given to mankind to fully supply our life. The result of committing to this Word is that we may example joy and goodness to our brethren.
6 If we say that we have fellowship (joined in partnership) with him, and walk in darkness (blindness, of misery, of falsehood and ignorance), we lie, and do not the truth:
7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin*.
*G266 ἀμαρτία amartia (a-mar-tiy’-a) n. Moral Failure, a cohort of Death (and the resulting state of depravity)
It would be a disservice to leave this verse without discussing what “sin” is by definition. Recalling Bill Clinton’s excuse for depravity, he wanted people to “define what the word “is” is…” It sounds stupid at first, but, sometimes you gotta get specific. Later in this same letter John explains it to us.
1 John 3:4 Whosoever committeth sin (moral failure) transgresseth also the law (Torah): for sin (moral failure) is the transgression of the law (Torah).
8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.
Romans 3:23 “For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.”
Romans 7:8 “But sin, taking occasion [opportunity] by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence [lust for that which is forbidden]. For without the law sin was dead.”
9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word* (Torah) is not in us.
* I believe this could be capitalized. Claiming to be without sin would deny the need of the Messiah and/or the instructions and commands of God.