Romans 10:1-21 … professing faith
10:1 Brethren, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved.
2 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.
3 For they being ignorant of God’s righteousness (Yeshua), and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God. (Yeshua)
The Scribes and Pharisees are promoting their own version of “religion” and dismissing the call to faith through Yeshua
4 For Christ is the end (the result of) of the law (sacrifices) for righteousness (salvation) to everyone that believeth.
***This is the defining moment of the word propitiation! (John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.”)
5 For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.
Leviticus 18:5 “Ye shall therefore keep my statutes, and my judgments: which if a man do, he shall live in them: I am the Lord.”
Ezekiel 20:11 “And I gave them my statutes, and shewed them my judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live* in them.”)
(H2425 חָיַי chayay (chaw-yah’-ee) v. to live, to revive. Rooted in H2421 חָיָה chayah (chaw-yaw’) v. to bring back to life from the dead.)
Ephesians 2:8-10 “For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works [the actions of Yahshua is the work needed], lest any man should boast. For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.
What are these good works that we are to walk/live out/example in them? It’s the Torah!
6 But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:)
7 Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.)
8 But what saith it? The word (Torah) is nigh (near) thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach;
Deuteronomy 30:10-14 “If thou shalt hearken unto the voice of the Lord thy God, to keep his commandments and his statutes which are written in this book of the law, and if thou turn unto the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul. For this commandment which I command thee this day, it is not hidden from thee, neither is it far off. It is not in heaven, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go up for us to heaven, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? Neither is it beyond the sea, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go over the sea for us, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? But the word is very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that thou mayest do it.”
9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
10 For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. (Faith is always followed up by action – living out the Torah.)
11 For the scripture saith, whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
12 For there is no difference between the Jew (natural born) and the Greek (other nations): for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. (a “bookend” to Romans 3.23)
13 For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord (YHWH) shall be saved. (John1:1)
14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher?
15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things! (Paul knew it was up to the educated believers to reach out to the nations.)
Matthew 5:19 “Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.”
16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?
17 So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. (Torah) (John 5:46 “For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me; for he wrote of me.”)
18 But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world.
19 But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation I will anger you.
The 10 tribes of the Northern Kingdom of Israel had been dispersed into all the world, thus having no national or statehood recognition. These people would become the first converts to belief in Yeshua and having known the Torah they would seek out the congregations in the synagogues locally, whether in Athens, Rome, Corinth, etc. The conversions became so vast that it “threatened” the traditional Judaism of the Scribes and Pharisees that they became jealous of the growth and fearful of the loss of their status as the spiritual leaders.
20 But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me.
The Hebrews in the dispersion were not attentive to their prophesy or they would have return to Jerusalem at the anticipated time for the first coming of Messiah.
21 But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.
Zechariah 8:7-8 “Thus saith the Lord of hosts; Behold, I will save my people from the east country, and from the west country; And I will bring them, and they shall dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God, in truth and in righteousness.”