Luke 16:19-31 …. Living for YHWH

After 3 weeks of dwelling on this …..

19 There was a certain rich man, which was clothed in purple [1] and fine linen, and fared (be or make merry) sumptuously (splendidly in manner of lifestyle) every day: (these were the most expensive garments available, even his underwear/linen.)
20 And there was a certain beggar named Lazarus (H499 אֶלעָזָר ‘El`azar (el-aw-zawr’) n/p. (meaning) God (is) helper) , which was laid (to deposit as if a load) at his gate (doorway or portal), full of sores,

21 And desiring to be fed with the crumbs (waste or left overs) which fell from the rich man’s table: moreover (means: as if things couldn’t get any worse) the dogs came and licked his sores.

jesus-teaches-by-tissot22 And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham’s bosom (G2859 κόλπος kolpos (kol’-pos) n. (by analogy) a bay. Many times throughout the bible people are referred to in multitudes as a “sea”): the rich man also died, and was buried;

23 And in hell (“Hades,” the place or state of departed souls held until the Great Judgment Rev 20:11.) he lift up his eyes (discovered his insecurity), being in torments (an instrument used in questioning by which one is compelled to divulge the truth.), and seeth (to clearly see or discern) Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.

24 And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented (G3600 ὀδυνάω odunao (o-d̮ï-naō’) v. to grieve) in this flame. (from his place he can see the flame of the throne of YHWH and he perceives them as the judgment of eternal damnation)

25 But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted (to call near; as to receive or give help), and thou art tormented. (to grieve)

26 And beside all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed (a “chasm” or vacancy: impassable interval, depthless, bottomless (specially) infernal “abyss.”) [2]: so that they which would pass from hence to you cannot; neither can they pass to us, that would come from thence.

27 Then he said, I pray thee therefore, father, that thou wouldest send him to my father’s house: (fathers house is an idiom for his entire family)

28 For I have five brethren; that he may testify (to incite or urge) unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment.

29 Abraham saith unto him, They have Moses (the Hebrew lawgiver) and the prophets (one who speaks for Yahweh); let them hear (to engage the mind to comprehend what is being heard i.e. hearken) them. (Yeshua is telling them to read the Bible…. Which at that time did not contain ANY of the letters of Paul.)

30 And he said, Nay (still defiant even standing in torment), father Abraham: but if one went (to traverse) unto them from the dead (from death i.e. to resurrect), they will repent. (G3340 μετανοέω metanoeo (me-ta-no-e’-ō) v. to have a change of mind and heart, i.e. to reconsider and repent.)

31 And he said unto him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.
These are the words of Yeshua himself explaining the truth of eternity. His example for us was living a life in perfect harmony of the Law of Moses and becoming our propitiation [3] for having broken that Law.

1 John 3:4 “Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.”

1 John 5:2-3 “By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep his commandments. For this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments: and his commandments are not grievous.”

The repayment of sin was always the blood of the innocent and Yeshua was now the permanent payment for sin. Hebrews 10:10 “By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.” The law is not eliminated, it is the penalty for sin that is satisfied in the eyes of YHWH through this sacrifice.

Romans 3:24-25 “Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God”

YHWH gave Moses the commandments/law which he recorded throughout the Torah. The Prophets were sent to the people to encourage them (to engage the mind to comprehend what is being heard i.e. hearken) to return to the way of life that pleased YHWH.
Yeshua is telling us here in this parable that some of humanity will not, even after his death and resurrection, pay attention to the commandments/law.

He examples this for us through the Patriarch Abraham (some scholars believe this should have been Jacob because of the change in his name to Israel) that the pathway to his bosom (the multitude safely held) is provided in the writings of Moses and the warnings of the prophets.

Yeshua tells us in Matthew 15:24 “But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the House of Israel.” And this bookends the command to the disciples in Matthew 10:6 “But go rather to the lost sheep of the House of Israel.”

The House of Israel are the people that follow YHWH through his instructions. The House of Israel is the family of Jacob which contained both natural born and those adopted prior to the journey into Egypt. Likewise the family of Jacob extended through the 12 sons now called tribes contain the natural born as well as the adopted Egyptians and various other nations of slaves that left with them to go into the desert.

In our acceptance of Yeshua for the remission of our sins we are asking YHWH to accept us into the fold, to become his people (Ammim), which is the House of Israel, which is the bride of Christ.
1 Kings 6:13 “And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will not forsake my people Israel.”

Hosea 2:23 “And I will sow her unto me in the earth; and I will have mercy upon her that had not obtained mercy; and I will say to them which were not my people (Goyim), Thou art my people (Ammim); and they shall say, Thou art my God.

[1] (Royal purple, imperial purple or imperial dye, is a bromine-containing reddish-purple natural dye. It is a secretion produced by several species of predatory sea snails in the family Muricidae, rock snails originally known by the name Murex. In ancient times, extracting this dye involved tens of thousands of snails and substantial labor, making it highly valuable. Another dye extracted from a related sea snail, Hexaplex trunculus, produced a blue colour which according to some is known as tekhelet (תְּכֵלֶת), used in garments worn for ritual purposes. The dye substance is a mucous secretion from the hypobranchial gland of one of several species of medium-sized predatory sea snails that are found in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. David Jacoby remarks that “twelve thousand snails of Murex brandaris yield no more than 1.4 g of pure dye, enough to colour only the trim of a single garment.” Jacoby, “Silk Economics and Cross-Cultural Artistic Interaction: Byzantium, the Muslim World, and the Christian West” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 58 (2004:197–240) p. 210. [1])

[2] Luke 8: 27,28,30,31 “And when he went forth to land, there met him out of the city a certain man, which had devils long time, and ware no clothes, neither abode in any house, but in the tombs. When he saw Jesus, he cried out, and fell down before him, and with a loud voice said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God most high? I beseech thee, torment (an instrument used in questioning by which one is compelled to divulge the truth.) me not. And Jesus asked him, saying, What is thy name? And he said, Legion: because many devils were entered into him. And they besought him that he would not command them to go out into the deep. (a “chasm” or vacancy: impassable interval, depthless, bottomless (specially) infernal “abyss.”) Revelation 9:11 And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon. Is there anything more ironic than dialing 911 when there is trouble? [2]

[3] Propitiation is the action of propitiating or appeasing a god, spirit, or person. An atoning action. Propitiate is to win or regain the favor of (a god, spirit, or person) by doing something that pleases them. [3]

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