3:1 O foolish (unintelligent) Galatians, who hath bewitched (amazed with false representations) you, that ye should not obey the truth (Torah), before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth (written about before), crucified among you?
2 This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law (salvation by the law), or by the hearing of faith?
The same faith as Noah & Abraham resulting in salvation according to the grace and mercy of YHWH.
3 Are ye so foolish (unintelligent)? having begun in the Spirit (faith), are ye now made perfect by the flesh?
He preached salvation was by faith to these people, then taught them, the expression of that faith back to YHWH was living according to Torah. (faith produces actions)
4 Have ye suffered (to experience a sensation or impression) so many things in vain? if it be yet in vain.
5 He therefore that ministereth (fully supply) to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, doeth he it by the works of the law (keeping Law of Moses before having faith in YHWH), or by the hearing of faith?
Paul is asking the people how much evidence did they have in their lives, like the change of heart and behavior towards their fellow man, when they were keeping the law for salvation verses trusting in Yeshua for salvation. He was convinced the Holy Spirit came at the trust of, faith in, Yeshua and that they became lovers of the instructions of Torah as a result of Yeshua’s love.
Romans 10:17 “So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.”
6 Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.
Again this is righteousness, i.e. salvation, first then obedience. The same is said of Noah, he found grace in the sight of YHVH, then he built a boat.
The Pharisees did not believe they had to subjugate themselves to the authority of Yeshua, and as such, they insisted a convert be fully in accordance to the Mosaic Law prior to their claim to salvation. They taught that a person in transition/conversion to the faith was destined to damnation until they were in compliance to all the laws. Paul is teaching that people are saved unto YHWH first and then they learn the laws of YHWH out of their love for him.
7 Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham.
The official adoption into the House of Israel comes at the moment a person believes the life, death and resurrection of Yeshua as the reparations of the relationship to YHVH.
8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed.
Abraham having been called from the Ur of Chaldees which is the heart of Babylon and all the false religions because he alone believed in YHWH became the earthly father of the children of promise.
The term “Israelite” does not come into existence until Jacob, Abraham’s grandson, is renamed by God to Israel. Abraham adopts Goyim/Gentiles into his earthly family and it is this that we draw the revelation of our own adoption into the promise.
Genesis 26:4-5 “And I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all these countries; and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.”
Psalm 1:1-2 “Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. But his delight is in the law of the Lord; and in his law doth he meditate day and night.”
9 So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.
Romans 9:7-8 “Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, [natural born] are they all children: but, In Isaac [offspring through Ephraim] shall thy seed be called. That is, They which are the children of the flesh [circumcised], these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise [faith] are counted for the seed.
When I said “I believe” and asked for forgiveness, what I was really saying was “Please God adopt me”!